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Arthur is a Canadian/American animated educational television series for children, created by Cookie Jar Group (formerly known as Cinar) and WGBH for PBS. The show is set in the fictional American city of Elwood City, and revolves around the lives of 8-year-old Arthur Read, an anthropomorphic aardvark,[3] his friends and family, and their daily interactions with each other.

The television series is based on the Arthur book series, which are written and illustrated by Marc Brown. WGBH Boston along with Cinar (now Cookie Jar Group) began production of the animated series in 1994, and aired its first episode on October 7, 1996.[4][better source needed] Since its debut, the show has broadcast 229 thirty-minute-long episodes. With 229 episodes, Arthur is the second-longest active running show on PBS Kids, behind only Sesame Street.[citation needed] It is the longest running children's animated television series.[5][not in citation given]

A pilot for the spin-off series Postcards from Buster aired in December 2003 as a season 8 episode of ArthurPostcards from Buster aired from October 11, 2004, to November 21, 2008, when the series faced several years of hiatus, until a brief revival in February 2012, only to be cancelled after airing three unseen episodes that had been held over from the show's third season.[6]

Arthur often deals with important issues families face such as asthma, dyslexia, cancer, diabetes,[7] and Asperger syndrome. It also encourages reading and relationships with family and friends by explaining that people have different personalities and interests.

Arthur became one of the highest-rated shows on PBS Kids for several years since its debut, averaging almost 10 million viewers weekly in the U.S. It is aired in a total of 83 countries, including on: PBS in the United States; Radio-Canada, Knowledge Network, TVOntario, and CBC in Canada; several ABC channels in Australia; and BBC One/CBBC in the UK. It is the longest-running children's animated series in the U.S., and the second longest-running animated series in the U.S., behind The Simpsons.[citation needed] In late 2015, it was announced that the series had been renewed for a 20th and 21st season, along with two new hour-long specials.[8]

Setting Edit

Arthur Read, the series's titular character, is an anthropomorphic eight-year-old brown aardvark who lives in the fictional town of Elwood City. He is a third-grade student at Lakewood Elementary School. Arthur's family includes two home-working parents, his father David (a chef) and his mother Jane (an accountant), his two younger sisters, Dora Winifred (D.W.), who is in preschool, and Kate, who is still an infant, and his dog Pal. Arthur also has several friends who come from various ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds, and he also occasionally meets with members of his extended family.

Elwood City is portrayed as a largely suburban area which bears a strong resemblance to the Boston area; the TV series is partially produced by WGBH. Furthermore, Elwood City's professional baseball team, the "Elwood City Grebes", appears to be a fictional representation of the Boston Red Sox. The episode "The Curse of the Grebes" in Season 10 clearly references baseball lore such as Curse of the Bambino. The same episode also refers indirectly to the rivalry between the Red Sox and the New York Yankees, as the Grebes have a fierce rivalry with the Crown City Kings during the World Championship, the show's version of the World Series. In another episode, the Elwood City Airport is shown to have a name that represents Boston's Logan International Airport. Crown City, as featured in other episodes, is apparently a fictional representation of New York City. In one episode, it is inferred that an ice hockey team wearing the WGBH logo and the Boston Bruins' team colors on their uniforms are Elwood City's professional (possibly NHL) hockey team.

There are also firm references to Brown's hometown of Erie, Pennsylvania. Most notably, the local shopping mall in the TV series is called "Mill Creek Mall", a reference to Millcreek Mall.[original research?] Brown himself stated that the series is influenced by his upbringing as a child in Erie, and specifically noted that Mr. Ratburn is based on a middle-school algebra teacher he had at Westlake Middle School.[9]

Production Edit

In 1994, Marc Brown was approached by WGBH and PBS about the possibility of adapting the Arthur books into a television series. Brown was reluctant at first to become a part of a medium for which he had little respect, but soon agreed when he learned that the objective of the television series would be to use the powerful medium of television to promote children to reading books.[citation needed]

Although the program is primarily written and produced by WGBH of Boston, the production of the animation and voice acting are done in Montreal, Toronto, South Korea, and Hong Kong. The animation of the show was done at AKOM Production Company from season 1 to 11, then at Animation Services (HK) Ltd from season 12 to 15. The entire cast of Arthur lives in Montreal or Toronto, where Cookie Jar Entertainment's studios are located. The only segments of the show that are filmed outside Canada are the "A Word from Us Kids" interstitials, filmed at elementary schools or other educational sites in the Boston area. Beginning in Season 11, the "A Word From Us Kids" segment was replaced by a segment called "Postcards from You", where live-action videos sent in by young viewers were spotlighted per episode. The segments are omitted from all airings outside the U.S.

Marc Brown's children, Tolon, Eliza and Tucker, are referenced in the show many times, just as they are in the Arthur book series. For example, the town's moving company is called "Tolon Moving", and everyday items such as cups or pencil sharpeners have the word "Eliza" printed on them. References to Cookie Jar Entertainment and WGBH also appear often on the show. In one episode, Francine and Buster are shown playing a table hockey game in which one team's players wear shirts in the Montreal Canadiens' signature colours with Montreal-based Cinar's logo on them (Cinar was the predecessor to today's Cookie Jar Entertainment) and the other team's players wear shirts in the Boston Bruins' colors with Boston-based WGBH's sting logo on them. Subsequent episodes that involve hockey also depict players wearing these sweater designs.[citation needed] Also, in the episode "The Big Blow-Up" in Season 2, a racecar driver wears a jersey with "Cinar" written on it and a car with "WGBH" written on it. In the episode "Prove It" in Season 4, The Brain introduces D.W. to science while watching a non-animated episode of Nova, a science series also produced by WGBH. Brown's son Tolon, for whom Brown first invented the character of Arthur the Aardvark in a bedtime story, is the executive director of the show.[10]

In October 1999,[11] Cinar was investigated for tax fraud. It was revealed that the husband-and-wife chairman Micheline Charest and president Ronald Weinberg invested $122 million (US) into Bahamian bank accounts without the board members' approval. Cinar had also paid American screenwriters for work while continuing to accept Canadian federal grants for content. However, Arthur itself was not involved in the scandal as it was publicly known to be co-produced with an American company. Head writers Joe Fallon and Ken Scarborough left around that time, but not because of the scandal; Fallon left about a year before the investigation began.[12]

In season 12, the series began producing and airing episodes in 1080i HD. However, until January 2013 in the U.S., the episodes still aired in 4:3 aspect ratio, with the left and right sides cropped out. They have since begun airing in 16:9 in January 2013. Season 12 also marks the switching of animation studios from AKOM to ASHK. Starting with season 16, the series was produced by 9 Story Entertainment (now 9 Story Media Group) and airs in 16:9 aspect ratio. Along with this change, 9 Story produced a re-mastered opening theme for the series in 16:9, and animation was moved in-house using Adobe Flash (a move that was criticized by longtime viewers of the series)[citation needed]. Season 19 was the last season to be produced by 9 Story, with Montreal based-Oasis Animation taking over starting in season 20.[13]

Music Edit

The TV series' reggae-style theme song, "Believe in Yourself", was written by Judy Henderson and Jerry de Villiers Jr. and was performed by Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers. A remixed techno version of the song has been officially released on the third album and a shortened version has been played during the closing credits for the sixth season. The Backstreet Boys covered the song with the original instrumentals for the ending credits of television special Arthur: It's Only Rock 'n' Roll.

The original music score was produced by Ray Fabi.

In season 2, the song "Crazy Bus", written and performed by then-head writer Joe Fallon, was introduced. It served as the alternate anthem of the television series. Cellist Yo-Yo Ma and jazz composer Joshua Redman covered the song on the ending credits of the season 4 finale episode, "My Music Rules". When Joe Fallon left Arthur after season 4, the song was officially retired from the show. The show alludes to this on the television special Arthur: It's Only Rock 'n' Roll when D.W. says, "Crazy Bus is for babies; I know a million better songs."[citation needed]

Guest stars Edit

Many celebrity guest stars have appeared on the show, each providing the voice for their anthropomorphic animal counterpart, excluding Joan Rivers, who played as Francine's maternal grandmother. Lance Armstrong and Joan Rivers are the only guest stars to make more than one appearance on the series.[citation needed]

Cast and characters Edit

Characters Edit

(Clockwise from upper left): The Brain, Binky, Sue Ellen, Francine, Muffy, Buster, Prunella, George, Arthur, Baby Kate

Main article: List of Arthur characters

Arthur's immediate family is the focus of the series, with most episodes involving Arthur, his younger sister D.W., their parents David and Jane, baby Kate and their dog Pal. Arthur's closest friends include Buster, Francine, Muffy, Binky and the Brain, with Sue Ellen, Fern and George as frequent supporting characters. D.W. often spends more time with Arthur and his older friends than her classmates, save for run-ins with the Tibble twins and her imaginary friend, Nadine. The adults in Arthur play important roles: Mr. and Mrs. Read display a significant amount of stress from parenting, Arthur's friends' parents are shown struggling in middle-class jobs and Mr. Ratburn endures the demands and expectations of teaching elementary school. Even in difficult, adult situations, these grown-ups maintain a cheerful attitude. Arthur, D.W. and Kate also visit their paternal grandmother, Thora Read.

Voice cast Edit

Unlike most animated television series, Arthur showcases a wide range of voice actors. Arthur, D.W., Brain, and the Tibble Twins have each had several different actors throughout the seasons due to the producers employing young males for these parts. The resulting effects of voice changes have been particularly criticized by viewers.

  • Arthur
    • Michael Yarmush (Seasons 1–5)
    • Justin Bradley (Season 6)
    • Mark Rendall (Seasons 7–8, season 6 redub)
    • Cameron Ansell (Seasons 9–11)
    • Dallas Jokic (Seasons 12–15)
    • Drew Adkins (Seasons 16–17)
    • William Healy (Seasons 18–19)
    • Jacob Ursomarzo (Season 20-present)
  • DW
    • Michael Caloz (Seasons 1–3)
    • Oliver Grainger (Seasons 4–6)
    • Jason Szwimmer (Seasons 7–10)
    • Robert Naylor (Seasons 11–15)
    • Jake Beale (Seasons 16–17)
    • Andrew Dayton (Seasons 18–19)
    • Christian Distefano (Season 20-present)
  • Buster
    • Daniel Brochu (as "Danny Brochu" from seasons 1–4)
  • Francine
    • Jodie Resther (as "Jodie Lynn Resther" from season 20-present)
  • Muffy
    • Melissa Altro
  • Brain (Alan)
    • Luke Reid (Seasons 1–4)
    • Steven Crowder (Seasons 5–6)
    • Alex Hood (Seasons 7–9)
    • Paul-Stuart Brown (Seasons 9–11)
    • Lyle O'Donohoe (Seasons 12–15)
    • Siam Yu (Seasons 16–19)
    • Max Friedman-Cole (Season 20-present)
  • Binky / Mr. Read / Bailey
    • Bruce Dinsmore
  • Mrs. Read
    • Sonja Ball
  • Mr. Ratburn / Bionic Bunny
    • Arthur Holden
  • Grandma Thora
    • Joanna Noyes
  • Grandpa Dave / Mr. Crosswire
    • A.J. Henderson
  • Prunella
    • Tamar Koslov
  • Sue Ellen
    • Patricia Rodriguez (Seasons 1–8)
    • Jessie Kardos (Seasons 10–present)
  • Tommy Tibble
    • Jonathan Koensgen (Seasons 1–6)
    • Aaron Grunfeld (Seasons 7–8)
    • Tyler Brody-Stein (Season 9)
    • Ryan Tilson (Seasons 10–11)
    • Jake Roseman (Seasons 12–13)
    • Jake Sim (Seasons 14–present)
  • Timmy Tibble
    • Ricky Mabe (Seasons 1–5)
    • Samuel Holden (Seasons 6–9)
    • Tyler Brody-Stein (Seasons 10–11)
    • Chris Lortie (Seasons 12–13)
    • Dakota Goyo (Seasons 14–15)
    • Jacob Ewaniuk (Seasons 16–present)
  • Emily
    • Vanessa Lengies (Seasons 1–8)
    • Sally Isherwood (Season 9–present)
  • Nadine
    • Hayley Reynolds
  • Fern
    • Holly Gauthier-Frankel
  • George
    • Mitchell David Rothpan (Seasons 1–7)
    • Evan Smirnow (Season 8)
    • Eleanor Noble (Seasons 9–present)
  • Ladonna
    • Krystal Meadows
  • Molly
    • Maggie Castle
  • Jenna
    • Brigid Tierney
  • Catherine
    • Patricia Rodriguez (Seasons 1–7)
    • Alexina Cowan (Seasons 8–15)
    • Robyn Thaler (Season 16–present)
  • James
    • Nicholas Wheeler-Hughes (Seasons 1–13)
    • London Angelis (Seasons 14–15)
    • John Flemming (Seasons 16–17)
    • Christian Distefano (Seasons 18–present)
  • Bud Compson
    • Julie Lemieux
  • Mrs. MacGrady
    • Bronwen Mantel
  • Rubella
    • Eramelinda Boquer
  • Mr. Haney / Mr. Marco
    • Walter Massey
  • Oliver Frensky
    • Mark Camacho
  • Mr. Morris
    • Al Gravelle
  • Mrs. Barnes
    • Jane Wheeler
  • Bitzi Baxter
    • Ellen David
  • Paige Turner
    • Katie Hutchison
  • Miss Woods
    • Susan Glover
  • Pal
    • Simon Peacock
  • Baby Kate
    • Tracy Braunstein
  • Slink
    • Michael Yarmush

Celebrity guests Edit

  • Jack Prelutsky – As himself on the episode "I'm a Poet".
  • Fred Rogers – Mr. Rogers appears as himself in a surprise visit to Elwood City.
  • Art Garfunkel – Garfunkel appears as "the singing moose" in the episode "The Ballad of Buster Baxter."
  • Yo-Yo Ma – Ma appears as Redman's rival.
  • Joshua Redman – Redman appears as himself as Francine's uncle.
  • Alex Trebek – Trebek appears as "Alex Lebek" on the episode when Arthur is on a game show.
  • Michelle Kwan – Kwan appears as herself when Francine learns to skate.
  • Backstreet Boys – As themselves in the hour-long special, "Arthur: It's Only Rock 'N' Roll".
  • Larry King – Although King does not appear on the show itself, he interviews the Arthur characters during the interstitial on PBS's telecasts.
  • Tom and Ray Magliozzi – Both appear in the episode "Pick a Car, Any Car" as Click and Clack from the 'Car Talk' radio show.
  • Arthur Ganson – Appears as himself in the episode "Muffy's Art Attack".
  • Koko Taylor – As herself.
  • Taj Mahal – As himself who helps George write music.
  • Frank Gehry – Gehry appears as an architect who helps the gang build the new treehouse.
  • Rodney Gilfry – Appears in the episode "Lights, Camera, Opera".
  • Johnny Damon – Damon appears as a player for the Elwood City Grebes.
  • Edgar Rentería – Also appears in "The Curse of the Grebes" as a player.
  • Mike Timlin – Also appears in "The Curse of the Grebes" as a player.
  • Ming Tsai – Tsai is shown as the judge for a cooking contest at the Lakewood Elementary school.
  • Matt Damon – Damon appears as himself in "The Making of Arthur".
  • Lance Armstrong – Appears to support a campaign for bike lanes. He appears again to help Francine deal with cancer on "The Great MacGrady".
  • Joan Rivers – Rivers was the voice of Francine's Grandmother, on season 12's "Is That Kosher?" and season 15's "Grandpa Dave's Memory Album"
  • Philip Seymour Hoffman – Appears in "No Acting Please" as Will Toffman.
  • Neil Gaiman – Appeared in "Falafelosophy" as himself.[14]
  • Michael Fincke – Appears in "Buster Spaces Out" as himself, credited as Mike Fincke.
  • Alan Cumming – As the voice of Sebastian Winkleplotz in "Show Off".
  • Idina Menzel – Menzel appears as Dr. Paula in "Shelter from the Storm".
  • B.J. Novak – Novak appears as Mike "MC" Cramp in "The Last Day".

Episodes Edit

Season Episodes Originally aired
First aired Last aired
1 30 October 7, 1996 November 15, 1996
2 20 October 20, 1997 April 17, 1998
3 15 November 16, 1998 January 1, 1999
4 10 October 4, 1999 October 18, 1999
5 10 September 4, 2000 December 4, 2000
6 10 September 24, 2001 November 26, 2001
7 10 October 8, 2002 October 21, 2002
8 10 September 15, 2003 December 26, 2003
9 10 December 20, 2004 April 8, 2005
10 10 May 15, 2006 May 26, 2006
11 10 June 25, 2007 September 7, 2007
12 10 October 6, 2008 April 24, 2009
13 10 October 12, 2009 April 9, 2010
14 10 October 11, 2010 April 28, 2011
15 10 October 10, 2011 June 15, 2012
16 10 October 15, 2012 May 10, 2013
17 10 November 11, 2013 May 14, 2014
18 10 September 29, 2014 September 10, 2015
19 10 June 2, 2015 May 26, 2016
20 7 October 10, 2016 June 1, 2017

Each episode of Arthur runs for half an hour. Episodes usually consist of two completely self-contained 11-minute stories. The episodes start off with one of the characters (usually Arthur) speaking towards the audience about a situation within the story followed by the title card. The episodes are separated by a one- to two-minute live-action interstitial called "And Now a Word from Us Kids" (or, in some cases, a permutation of that title more specific to its contents). The live-action segments almost always feature children from elementary schools (generally in the Boston area) presenting subjects they are currently learning about or projects they have been working on in their classes (the subjects covered here relate to the first cartoon segment in the half-hour). This segment is seen exclusively on PBS telecasts of the show, filling space otherwise used for commercials, which are generally forbidden on PBS. There is also a segment that sometimes appears at the end of the second 11-minute episode called "And Now a Word from Marc Brown" where he shows the viewers how to draw various main characters from the show. In 2007, the show began encouraging viewers to send in "video postcards" (similar to those used in the spin-off show Postcards from Buster), which were shown in the interstitials of episodes until the middle of Season 12. Beginning with Episode 151, the show reverted "And Now a Word from Us Kids".

Set in a realistic environment (as opposed to the more fantastical settings prominently featured in children's programming), certain stories (often in second half of the episode) may not necessarily focus on the titular protagonist's point of view and may instead detail the experiences and viewpoints of surrounding characters, usually Arthur's schoolmates. Often such episodes will depict those characters handling situations often faced by children in actuality as a means of guiding audiences through those situations, including bed-wetting, asthma or dyslexia, and Arthur's character sometimes may see a reduced role (in some episodes, Arthur himself does not appear in the story at all). Stories in later seasons dealt with more serious issues or subjects, such as cancer or Asperger syndrome, albeit numerous episodes may simply address topics including childhood fears, trends or fantasies. Occasionally a couple of episodes might offer very little educational value at all. In spite of the realistically designed environment, the series may showcase the fantasies or daydreams of a few characters on a number of occasions, and a few episodes features supernatural elements such as ghosts or secret situations unknown to other characters such as Kate and Pal's friendship.

Franchise Edit

Television Edit

In addition to the television series, the Arthur franchise has spawned three-hour-long movies, which are often run on PBS during pledge drives. The latest, Arthur's Missing Pal, was produced by Mainframe Entertainment and is the first animated Arthur project to make use of three-dimensional computer-generated imagery. [1]. Arthur's success has also led to the spin-off series, Postcards From BusterPostcards from Buster premiered on October 11, 2004 with several returning characters, and aired its final three episodes in 2012.

Website Edit

The website http://pbskids.org/arthur has been given a rating of 5/5 stars at website Common Sense Media, and has been advised for viewers 5 and up. The site described the show as being, "One of the Internet's best offerings for kids." It however advised that "there are links to PBS sponsors...but other than that, there is no commercial marketing to kids." The review added, "The games are actually teaching your kids something...[for example] The Music Box...combines music and learning, so much so that kids won't even realize that they're figuring out space relations, hand–eye coordination, and mousing skills as they jam along to upbeat tunes."[15]

Music albums Edit

Main article: Arthur TV soundtracks

Arthur has released three music albums. The first album, Arthur and Friends: The First Almost Real Not Live CD, contained songs that were played throughout the TV series and original songs for the album. The second album, Arthur's Perfect Christmas, contained songs that were played during the television movie of the same title. The third album, Arthur's Really Rockin' Music Mix, contained only original songs, including a remix of the theme song which was played on the credits of season 6 as a promotion for the album.

ActiMates Edit

In 1998, both Arthur and D.W. were made into Microsoft ActiMates, sophisticated toy dolls who could interact with children, with each other, with certain computer software and the Arthur website, and also with the Arthur television show and videos.

Microsoft discontinued the ActiMates line shortly before season 5 aired, most possibly due to a lawsuit pertaining to patent infringement[16] and the fact that sales were dropping. It has been noted[according to whom?] that post-season 4 episodes of Arthur have not included any ActiMates code. Newer videos and DVD releases of the show does not carry ActiMates code either. The enhancements on the website were removed when the site was redesigned in 2002 and thus the ActiMates would no longer interact with the website. Likewise, re-releases of the ActiMates software by Creative Wonders do not interact with the ActiMates because the library that controls the PC Pack has been replaced with a dummy library file.

Video games Edit

Main article: Arthur (video game series)

Home media releases Edit

Selected episodes were distributed on VHS and DVD by Random House. Each tape had two or three episodes dealing with similar subjects. WGBH Home Video also released two Region 1 Arthur season sets; they released Season 10 on March 25, 2008 and Season 11 was released on September 2, 2008.[17] Seasons 10–19 are available to download on the iTunes Store and Amazon.com. The first three seasons were released over four collections (the second season was split into two volumes) on DVD in Europe only.

DVD Name Ep # Region Release date
Season 1 30 Region 2 April 7, 2008
Season 2 20 Region 2 November 3, 2008

March 23, 2009

Season 3 15 Region 2 August 4, 2009
Season 4 10 TBA TBA
Season 5 10 TBA TBA
Season 6 10 TBA TBA
Season 7 10 TBA TBA
Season 8 10 TBA TBA
Season 9 10 TBA TBA
Season 10 10 Region 1 March 25, 2008
Season 11 10 Region 1 September 2, 2008
Season 12 10 TBA TBA
Season 13 10 TBA TBA
Season 14 10 TBA TBA
Season 15 10 TBA TBA

Reception Edit

Awards Edit

The series has been acknowledged with the George Foster Peabody Award and four Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Children's Animated Program.[18] In 2002, TV Guide ranked Arthur Read No. 26 on its list of the "50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time."[19] The show has also won a BAFTA and was nominated for 17 Daytime Emmys.[20]

Critical response Edit

A review at MommyPR concluded by saying "My boys were able to preview "The Wheel Deal", "The Buster Report", "Falafelosophy" and "The Great Lint Rush". As soon as my boys were finished with these episodses (sic) they begged to watch them again!"[21]

Dad of Divas' Reviews explained that Executive Producer Jacqui Deegan said of the 14th season:

About.com gave the show a rating of 4.5 stars. The series described Arthur's assets:

The review continued by citing many ways in which children could extract more from the series, for example by encouraging kids to write stories based on their own families (in much the same way Arthur was first realised) or by Kim Brown, Marc Brown's sister, teaching kids to draw Arthur while on tour.[22]

In popular culture Edit

The Brain, Francine and Arthur animated in the style of South Park, from the episode "The Contest"

Arthur regularly incorporates parodies of and references to pop culture, including, but not limited to, South ParkJeopardy!, The Waltons, The SopranosBeavis and Butt-head, the Indiana Jones adventures films, the James Bond series of films, The Adventures of TintinDr. Katz, Professional TherapistThe Jerry Springer ShowOprahLaw & OrderCharlie RoseAntiques RoadshowMystery!The Twilight Zone, Alfred Hitchcock's The BirdsMacbeth, and That '70s Show.[23][14]

On July 2014, Chance the Rapper released his interpretation of the theme song of the series called "Wonderful Everyday: Arthur" with Wyclef Jean and Jessie Ware.[24]

In and leading up to July 2016, Arthur regained attention from users of Black Twitter, where stills from the series have become explicit and comedic internet memes, often using an image of Arthur's clenched fist from the episode Arthur's Big Hit.[23][25][26][27]WGBH said, "We appreciate the memes that have been created and shared in good fun, we are, however, disappointed by the few that are outside of good taste."[28]

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